Here is a lot of Peru Travel information; here you can find the topics you will need to know before travel to Peru. Peru is South America’s third largest country, covering 1,285,215 sq. km., and can be divided into three geographic regions. The central high lands of the Andes, with its massive peaks, steep canyons, and extraordinary pre Columbian archaeological sites. The Andes are also the site of the most fascinating pre-Columbian cities of South America-like the great city of the clouds, Machu Picchu. The coast, the climate along Peru’s shores is made cooler and less dry, a dense fog created by the collision of the frigid waters of the Humboldt Current. Lima, Trujillo, and Chiclayo, three of Peru’s major population centers, are located along this coastal desert. Peru’s third great region is the dense jungle that surrounds the headwaters of the Amazon. This part of the country is so inaccessible that only the most adventurous and intrepid travelers should attempt to penetrate its mysterious emerald depths. In fact, the region’s capital of Iquitos, a city of 400,000, is accessible only by air or by boat up the Amazon.
Peru has a great diversity of flora, fauna and geography. It has 3 major regions: the coastal desert, the Andes and the Amazon rainforest, reaching each of them a wealth of micro regions. It has 7 National Parks, 8 National Reserves, 7 National Sanctuaries, 3 Historical Sanctuaries, Reserved Zones 5, 5 National Forests, and Protected Forests 6. Peru in the World is the second in species of birds, the third within countries neotropical species of mammals, the fifth species of Amphibians and the eighth in Reptiles species.
As a result of the combination of cultures, there has been a mixture of races and cultural contributions, giving rise to a rich repertoire in folklore, art, human expression and food.
To arrive in Peru, you can do it by plane; most of the international flights arrive at Jorge Chavez airport in Lima. Another option is by marine way, nowadays cruises are arriving to Peru, as part of a tour for South America. The main ports are Callao and San Martin (Pisco-Ica).
If you want culture, all Peru’s destinations have something to show you. You will discover archaeology as Pachacamac, Caral in Lima, the famouse Machu Picchu, Archaeological complex of Chavin in Ancash, Chan Chan Archaeological Zone, live culture like , museums, festivities, experiential tourism like Porcon Farm in Cajamarca, Sacred Valley Communities and Raqchi in Cusco, the Titicaca Islands in Puno. About adventure you will be able to practice your favorite sport in Peru, for example climbing this sport is practiced in the Cordillera Blanca, Cordillera de Huayhuash in Huaraz, Cordillera Volcanica in Arequipa, Ampay Snow in Apurimac. Canoeing in Cañete River in Lima, Santa River in Huaraz, Urubamba River in Cusco, Colca River in Arequipa. Trekking, you have the Classic Inca Trail, some alternatives like Salkantay, Choquequirao, Salcantay, Llama Trek Olleros Chavin, Colca Valley. Surfing is practices in Mancora, Cabo Blanco, Organos in Piura, Huancacho in Trujillo, Lim’s beaches. If you love nature, Peru offers you watching birds in the Colca Canyon, Lake Titicaca, Cuzco, Machu Picchu, Abra Malaga, the Manu and Tambopata among others. Peru is a privileged country that welcomes a diversity of plant and animal species with which the man has managed to live together in harmony for thousands of years.
If you are planning go to the Highlands, take note that at your arrival you should drink coca tea to avoid the altitude illness (soroche), try to rest all the morning and always take with you a coat, warm clothing. In the jungle is recommended vaccinating against yellow fever, at least 15 day before your trip. Do not forget insect repellent and sunblock, light clothing like t-shirts, shorts, pants hat, hiking boots. In the coast, bring light clothing and warm clothing for the night, in the case of Lima if you come in summer, from December to March, it is recommended sunblock, hat, t-shirts, sandals, shorts, in winter, from June to November, warm clothes.
Peru currency is Nuevo Sol, if you need to exchange your money, it is recommended doing it in banks, or exchanged houses. In case of the Traveler Checks, its use is limited, also is recommended exchanging it in banks. About the credit cards, in Lima is accepted American Express, Dinners club, Visa, Master Card. Consider that not in all the provinces of Peru are accepted the use of these credit cards.