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Home > Peru Itineraries > The North Tours > Trujillo

Chiclayo Peru

Is a city in northwestern of Peru, capital of Lambayeque Department, is the fourth most populous department in the country. It was founded under the name of Santa Maria de los Valles de Chiclayo in 1720, upgraded to a villa in 1827 and in 1835 he was awarded the title of "Heroic City", now known as the Capital of friendship because of the warmth of its people.

Because of its great economic importance at present, is one of the great cities of Peru, as it is situated a few kilometers from the sea, has a varied touristic offer, and its industrial and agricultural development, with sugar cane production , fruit trees, vineyards and rice contributing about 20% of total domestic production of rice. Chiclayo is also important link for the people of the coast, highlands and north jungle of the country, is the core of land and air communication.

The development of ancient cultures has left a vast archaeological wealth Sipan Sican Tucume and Batan Grande. The remains of the kingdom of Sipan can be seen in the Bruning Museum in Lambayeque city located just minutes north of Chiclayo.

This city is surrounded by beautiful landscapes, picturesque villages and important archaeological remains. The following are important archaeological sites: the pyramids of Tucume, the archaeological site of Batan Grande and Huaca Rajada. It also has important museums: the Brunning Museum and the Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipan lord.


History

Pre-Columbian Times
Moche or Mochica civilization began between the first and fourth centuries AD, occupying a territory that spanned much of what is now the northern coast of Peru, covering the coastal area of the departments of Ancash, Lambayeque and La Libertad. This civilization would reach a broad knowledge of hydraulic engineering. It is reflected on the construction of canals, which the river water were used to irrigate their land. This allowed them to have agricultural surpluses and a strong economy for its development. Also it is characterized by intensive use of copper in the manufacture of ornamental objects, tools and weapons. Were considered the best potters of ancient Peru and developed thanks to the fine work they did in their ceramics. They represented divinities, men, animals and significant scenes involving issues related to ceremonial and myths that reflected their world, With famous huaco-portraits preserved in museums around the country, highlighting the amazing expressiveness, perfection and realism. The latest findings establish that this civilization disappeared as a result of the disasters caused by a mega Niño.

Lambayeque or Sican civilization began between the ages VIII - XIV AD. Occupied the territory now belongs to the department of Lambayeque and cultural influence through the exchange became widespread across most of the Peruvian coast at its highest peak. This civilization was formed from the decay of the Moche civilization assimilating much of the knowledge and cultural traditions of them. The Lambayeque excelled in architecture, jewelry and even became great navigators. The Lambayeque surprised with its alloys, their fine finishes and huge irrigation systems. They didn't have the extension as the Moche did or their political complexity; is clear that these arts were his favorite disciples. It is known that a mega Child also had to do with the disappearance of this civilization.

Colonial Period
Chiclayo in the early sixteenth century was inhabited by two ethnic groups: Cinto and Collique. They were the chiefs of these indigenous groups who donated a portion of their land for the construction of a Franciscan convent. Thus, under the title of "Santa Maria de la Concepcion Chiclayo Valley" and the direction of Father Fray Antonio de la Concepcion, rose the Mother Church and the Franciscan Convent to evangelize the many natives. Around these buildings, Spanish religious building, Chiclayo grew late sixteenth century.

Republican Era
During the independence of Peru, Chiclayo provided with men, weapons, horses and other much needed resources to Jose de San Martin. All was under the direction of the Creole José Leonardo Ortiz.

At the dawn of the Republican era, Chiclayo was just a small town, but its strategic location identified in subsequent decades to become the hub of the communications network such as railway and after the automaker. Chiclayo was elevated to the rank of village in late 1827. On April 15, 1835 the village of Chiclayo is elevated to city status by President Felipe Santiago Salaverry. On the day of its recognition as a city, Chiclayo received the title of "Heroic City". Days later, on April 18, 1835, establishing the province of Chiclayo, which recently appointed the city would become its capital. The progress of Chiclayo starts mainly from the republic, when it is conferred the title of city, naming it as "Heroic City" in recognition of services rendered by the people from Chiclayo to the independence cause.

Contemporary Period
Chiclayo is emerging now among the country's major cities, is a commercial city and gathers the ingredients of a modern city, the city of Chiclayo is known as the Capital of friendship and "Pearl of the North" in Peru.

Strong flows of people move daily between Chiclayo and centers around under that make the city center increased by three residents during daylight hours.


Weather

Being located in a tropical area, near Ecuador, the climate should be hot, humid and rainy, but his condition is sub tropical, pleasant temperature, dry, no rain, this is due to strong winds called "cyclones "coming down the temperature to a moderate climate all year, except in the summer months the temperature rising, where that time is used for summer in their resorts like Eten and Pimentel. Periodically, every 7, 10, 15, years are high temperatures, with regular rainfall and increased extreme water rivers.

Its average annual maximum temperature is 26.2 ° C and the minimum is 17.3 ° C. When there is the phenomenon of El Niño weather varies, the level of rainfall and temperature can rise.


Getting to Chiclayo

By Air
The city has an International Airport Capitán FAP José A. Quinones, home mainly to domestic airlines. There are four commercial airlines now offer their services in the city of Chiclayo, some of them have daily and inter-day flights, this service also takes place in two hours, one in the morning and the other in the afternoon. The principal airlines are Lan, Taca and Star Peru.

By Land
Lima – Chiclayo: 770 Km, there daily ground transportation services to the city through the Pan American Highway North. The trip takes 10 to 13 hours or so by bus.

Piura - Chiclayo: 210 km (3 hours by car).

Trujillo - Chiclayo: 206 km. (3 hours by car).



Main Tourist Attractions

* Archeological site of Huaca Raja and Sipan
* Ecological Reserve Chaparri
* Pomac Forest Historical Sanctuary
* Archeological site of Tucume
* National Museum Sican
* National Museum Royal Tombs of Sipan
* Bruning Archaeological Museum


Tours


CHICLAYO TIPS-USEFUL INFORMATION

Health & hygiene
- Get a check up before the trip.
- Only drink boiled weather.
- Prepare a first aid kit.

For the trip
- If you are planning traveling by land, check that your ticket indicates the sit number.
- Inform the company if you carry valuables.
- Clothes to wear: During summer (December to March) hats, sunblock, t-shirts, shorts, sneakers, light clothing, sandals, swimwear, and during winter warm clothing.
- If you are traveling through an agency travel, take note of the emergency numbers.


Security &safety
- Take care about your personal things like camera, documents, backpack, etc.
- It is recommend getting a travel insurance during your trip
- When you are one tour take only the necessary things.
- Try not to walk around with all your documents and money.


Phone Code

National Call: 0 + City Code (74) + Phone number
International Call: 00 + Peru Code (51) + City Code (74) + Phone number


Public administration

Banks working hours:
from 8am until 5:30pm.

Money Exchange

In the center of the city there are exchange houses, where you can exchange dollars and euros, do not change on the street.


Traveler Checks

The use of traveler's checks is not widespread in commercial establishments. In some banks even is kind of problematic the change for cash (Calculate a loss between 2% and 5% of the amount to change).


Culture and Entertainment

Festivities

Folklore

It is characterized by its lively dances such as the Northern Marinera dance and also the Tondero and Cumanana, which comes from the cities bordering Morropón in Piura. Marinera Atonderada is practiced, this is native of Lambayeque. Also it is practiced folk medicine using herbs and other products and magical rites.

Nightlife
In Chiclayo there are a variety of places to have a good time. The city has discos, bars and pubs where you can hear live bands. More information >>>

Gastronomy
The cuisine of Chiclayo is one of the most exquisite and varied on the Peruvian coast, among which its most famous dishes based on seafood. Chiclayo is considered the land of good food, good drink and a significant site of the cuisine of Peru. The cuisine dates back to ancient times and its secrets have been passed from generation to generation. It is said that an attractive table should have two kinds of dishes: appetizers (light snacks, highly seasoned and spicy) and main courses. More Information >>>

Restaurants
Chiclayo has many restaurants, where you can enjoy the best dishes. The restaurants in Chiclayo offer a varied menu. More Information >>>


 



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