The Republic of Peru is one of the most important centers of cultural and tourist attractions in the world. Its rich history and travel opportunities abound are staged amid the country’s wonderful landscapes. A Peru map is filled with majestic Andes Mountains, the mysterious Amazon jungle, and coastal desert.
Map of Peru
Peru is located south of the equator in the western part of South America. Slightly smaller than Alaska, Peru shares borders with five neighboring countries: Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, and Chile to the south. The country’s boundary to the west is the Pacific Ocean.
3 Natural Zones in Peru
- The Coast of Peru: The coastal region, where the capital of Lima is located, is a narrow coastal plain crossed by mostly desert and fertile valleys. Here, there are agricultural plantations of cotton, sugar and rice, as well as most of the country’s oil fields.
- The Highlands of Peru: The Sierra, part of the Andes Mountains, has soaring peaks – some above 19,770 feet (6,000 meters). In this area are the country’s mineral resources: silver, zinc, lead, copper and gold, and most of its livestock. La Selva is very fertile, subtropical subclimate of the highland region.
- The Jungle of Peru: The Amazon rainforest occupies the eastern part of Peru and is filled with an immense amount of natural resources. Unfortunately, the lack of communication and transportation infrastructure makes remote regions of virgin jungle susceptible to the illegal exploitation of lumber and high value minerals such as gold.
Ecotourism in the Amazon aims to educate the world about the importance of the jungle and raise attention to what threatens its existence. The population of Peru is a mixture of Indians, mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists, in addition, there are Chinese communities of African origin.
Peru Data Overview
Area: 496,225 sq mi (1,285 216 sq km)
Population: 32.5 million inhabitants (2019 estimate)
Density: 59.6 inhabitants per sq mi (23 inhabitants per sq km)
Official languages: Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
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