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Home > Travel Information > Peru Facts > Nazca Lines Facts

Nazca Lines Facts

There are many interesting and unknown facts about the Nazca lines in Peru and on this travel guide we are going to give you on all the facts you need to know on the Nazca Lines and surrounding areas.

Discovery of Nazca Lines
In 1930, some people discovered Nazca Lines when they were crossing the Nazca desert by plane. After that, geologists took deep interest in these lines and tried to find the secret behind creation of these permanent geoglyphs. Geologists believe that these long series of geoglyphs were made by Nazca people in the ancient era between 400 and 600 AD.

Location of Nazca Lines
The exact location of Naxca Lines is the dry plateau in Nazca desert that is called pampa Coloroda. These nazca lines are spread between the two towns of Pampa Coloroda called Plapa and Nazca that comprises the distance of 80 kilometers.

Way of Creation
The copper colored rocks were scraped by Nazca people and red pebbles were removed to uncover the bottom ground that was whitish in color by means of surveying equipments and simple tools.

Designs of Nazca Lines
There are more than 70 different designs made by these Nazca Lines that comprises geometric shapes and animal shapes like fish, hummingbird, monkey, jaguar, sharks, lizard etc.

Most of the Nazca Lines are still completely safe thanks to dry and stable climate of area.

The Nazca lines are a series of designs and pictographs carved into the ground in the Nazca Desert, a dry plateau located in Peru.
They cover an area of some 50 miles, and were supposedly created between 200 BC and 700 AD by the Nazca Indians.
The area of the Peruvian desert in which the Nazca Lines were drawn is called the Pampa Colorada. It is 15 miles wide and runs some 37 miles parallel to the Andes and the Pacific Ocean.
They designed them by scraping away the copper colored rocks of the desert floor to expose the lighter-colored earth beneath.
The lines have managed to remain intact for hundreds of years thanks to the region’s arid climate, which sees it receive little rain or wind throughout the year.
Some of the lines span distances of 600 feet, and they depict everything from simple designs and shapes to characterizations of plants, insects, and animals.
The most popular and reasonable hypothesis is that the lines must have figured in the Nazca people’s religious beliefs, and that they made the designs as offerings to the gods, who would’ve been able to see them from the heavens.
Other scientists argue that the lines are evidence of massive looms that the Nazcas used to make textiles.

What to See
The area of the Peruvian desert in which the Nazca Lines were drawn is called the Pampa Colorada (Red Plain). It is 15 miles wide and runs some 37 miles parallel to the Andes and the Pacific Ocean. The desert is not sandy, but made of dark red surface stones and soil with lighter-colored subsoil beneath. The lines were created by clearing away the darker upper layer to reveal the lighter subsoil.
It seems incredible that such simply-made drawings have survived for so many hundreds of years, and some have seen a mysterious element to this. But there is also a natural explanation: the surface is made of stone, not sand, and the climate of the area is such that there is practically no erosion. The Nazca peoples chose an excellent place for an enduring monument.
The Nazca Lines include straight lines and geometric shapes as well as stylized depictions of animals, humans and plants. The figures include:
round-headed, rather friendly-looking human (known as "the astronaut")
another human figure

The lines of Nazca were constructed throughout the pre-Hispanic period and make up a distinctive and impressive archaeological group, comprising some 300 figures.

Nazca Geoglyphs: Endangered in Modern Times In modern times, natural forces have impacted on the Nazca lines.
Pollution and erosion caused by deforestation are impacting the lines of Nazca.
Whatever the reason for the creation of the Nazca lines in the Peruvian desert, ancient and skilled people collaborated to leave an impressive record for posterity--one that, it is hoped, will remain for future generations.

Interesting things to know about Nazca Lines:

* Astronomer Robin Edgar presented the theory that Nazca lines particularly the ones that feature animals, fish and humans were created in order respond to the "Eye of God" which would be a feasible explanation as during the Nazca line period it co-insides with a large amount of solar eclipses took place over the southern Peru area.

* Robin Edgar believed this as a solar eclipse would resemble the pupil and iris looking down on the people below, therefore it is believed that the lines were created in order for the eye in the sky to view the Nazca lines.

* The Nazca lines are featured in the book "Chariots of the Gods" by Erich Von Daniken that discusses his belief that the Nazca lines were created by aliens and used as landing strips.

* Erich Von Daniken felt that the designs were to complex and covered such a large distance that they could not have been created by humans due to the size of the lines, lack of tools plus they had no ability to view the lines from the air.

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