Cuzco is situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco is one of the best tourist attraction in Peru, every day receive many tourist form around the world, they visit Cusco as a first step to get to the Machu Picchu (Lost City of The Incas). Cusco city have many places to explore, the architecture, the Churches, Museums, open fly markets such a Pisac market and Chinchero, in the Sacred valley, where the tourist can buy souvenirs, for adventure people there is the rafting full day tour to the Urubamba river, the famous Inca Trail, the classic city tour to Sacsayhuaman, Temple of Qoricancha, Qenqo, Pucapucara and Tambomachay, also you can visit the four ruins in the Horseback riding tour, this is a wonderful option. The train to Machu Picchu departs from Cusco and Ollantaytambo it depends of the time; to make the Machu Picchu tour you have to stay at least one day before in Cusco to leave the next morning to your tour. We suggest keep your extra luggage at your hotel storage in Cusco, during your tour to Machu Picchu. Cusco offers nature, culture, adventure, entertainment. It is an excellent option to come with family and friends and have incredible experiences.
Cuzco includes areas of the Andes and high jungle. It limits to the north with Ucayali, south with Arequipa and Puno, on the east by the Madre de Dios and Puno and west Arequipa, Apurimac, Ayacucho and Junin. Formerly was the capital of the Inca Empire and one of the most important cities of the Viceroyalty of Peru. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
Its climate is dry and mild. It has two distinct seasons, one is a dry season between April and October, with sunny days and cold nights, average temperature of 13 ° C, and a rainy season from November to March, average temperature 12 ° C. On sunny days the temperature reaches 20 ° C, although the light air of the mountain is usually cold.
The economic activity in Cuzco includes agriculture, especially corn and native tubers. The local industry is related to mining activities and food and beverages such as beer, carbonated water, coffee, chocolates, among others. However, the relevant economic activity of its inhabitants is the reception of tourism, relying increasingly better infrastructure and services.
Between the touristic places inside the city of Cusco are the Barrio de San Blas where are the artisans, workshops and craft shops, is one of the most picturesque city. Its streets are steep and narrow with old houses built by Spanish over important Inca foundations. It has an attractive square and the oldest parish church in Cuzco which was built in 1563; it has a carved wooden pulpit considered the epitome of colonial Cusco. The Cathedral, which is in Renaissance style, has late-Gothic, Baroque and Plateresque interiors and has one of the most outstanding examples of colonial goldsmith. Also are important the carved wooden altars. Since this city developed on canvas painting in the “Cusco School of painting,” precisely in the cathedral you can see major exhibitions of local artists of the time. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Cuzco. Square, has been the scene of several important events in the history of this city, as the proclamation by Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Cuzco, the death of Tupac Amaru II, considered the leader of the indigenous resistance. The Spanish built in the plaza stone arches, with labor Cuzco, which endures to this day. Here are the cathedral and the church of La Compañía. The most important celebration in Cuco is the Inti Raymi which in Quechua means Festival of the Sun, an ancient Andean religious ceremony in honor of Int, the father sun, which took place every winter solstice in the Andes. It is celebrated in June of each year and the scenario is the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, located in the northern city of Cusco
The Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport is located in the city of Cuzco; it receives flights from several parts of Peru. Their tracks are fully paved. More of 1 700 000 people pass through the airport annually. It was named in honor of the Peruvian pilot Alejandro Velasco Astete who was the first person to fly across the Andes in 1925. He made the first flight from Lima to Cuzco. That same year, at an air show in the city of Puno, he lost control of his plane and to avoid crashing into spectators, lost altitude and died on impact. The airport is the main gateway of the city of Cuzco and is an obligatory step to reach the ruins of Machu Picchu. This airport has the largest air flow in the south of Peru. Cusco airport is equipped with all comforts, to respond effectively to the many tourists who visit the imperial city. It was the first in the country in which boarding bridges were installed. The runway is paved with the highest standards, with a length of 3400 meters and a width of 45. The city receives numerous daily domestic flights from cities such as Lima, Arequipa, Tacna, Juliaca, Iquitos, Puerto Maldonado.
Cusco is also connected by rail with the cities of Puno and Arequipa. Finally, road, is connected with the cities of Puerto Maldonado, Arequipa, Puno and Abancay. The road that connects it with the city of Abancay is the fastest to reach the capital city after a trip of more than 20 hours filled with stunning scenery across the Peruvian regions of Apurimac, Ayacucho, Ica and Lima. There is also a railway system which leads to the ancient Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. The tour begins in the capital city of Cuzco in the Andes region that begins with a series of flush changes locally called “The Zig-Zag” on the outskirts of Cuzco before making a stop in the village of Poroy. The train then descends from the highest point to the Sacred Valley at the foot of the Andes. Before arriving at Machu Picchu, the train travels along the Urubamba River.