PERU TRAVEL PLANNER
Peru's capital and the most important city of America, is located in the central
coast, along the Pacific Ocean. It has more than 8 million people, made up of
different races of the world.
Nowadays is regarded as the political, cultural, financial and commercial
country. Internationally, the city ranks fifth among the largest cities in Latin
America and the Caribbean.
It was founded on January 18th, 1535, by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro,
under the name of the City of Kings, was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru
and the largest and most important city in South America during the Spanish
The historic center was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Lima is a city
with great cultural diversity that is why there are a large number of museums.
Another relevant topic is its cooking that managed to be recognized worldwide
through the years. Lima offers a wide range of restaurants and bars, where you
can taste delicious Peruvian dishes and drinks.
In Lima you will find everything you are looking for as cultures, adventures,
beaches, dining, entertainment and everything you can imagine.
Different civilizations were established such as the Chanca and Maranga.
Sanctuaries as Lati, now Puruchuco, and Pachacamac, the main sanctuary of
pilgrimage during the time of the Incas, were built. These cultures were
conquered by the Wari Empire. When the importance of Wari went down, local
cultures became independent again, and one of the most important of those was
the Chancay culture. In the fifteenth century, these territories were
incorporated into the Inca Empire. At this timeline we found plenty of huacas
such as Huallamarca Pucllana, Mateo Salado and Pachacamac.
In 1532, Atahualpa was taken prisoner in the city of
Cajamarca, in order of
Francisco Pizarro. Although a rescue was paid, he was sentenced to death.
Francisco Pizarro was appointed as governor of the lands he had conquered.
Pizarro founded the capital in the valley of the Rimac River; he thought it was
in a strategic location, close to the coast to build a port. On January 18, 1535
Lima was founded with the name City of the Kings, the Plaza de Armas, the
Viceregal Palace, now the Government Palace of Peru and the Cathedral were
In the following years Lima became important when it was designated capital of
the Viceroyalty of Peru and the next century, was the center of an extensive
trade network which integrated the Viceroyalty with the Americas, Europe and
East Asia. Some events happened as the 1687 earthquake that destroyed much of
the city and the presence of pirates in the Pacific Ocean, for that reason that
the walls of Lima were built between 1684 and 1687.
In 1746 a strong earthquake damaged and destroyed Lima Callao, had to be
rebuilt. In the second half of the eighteenth century, ideas of public health
and social control influenced the development of the city. During this period,
Lima lost its monopoly on foreign trade due to the Bourbon reforms and had to
depend on the charges issued by the colonial government and the Church
In 1820 an expedition of argentines and chilean led by General Jose de San
Martin landed in the south of Lima, but they did not attack the city. Viceroy
José de la Serna was forced to evacuate the city in July 1821, fearing a popular
uprising; the City Council invited San Martin to enter the city by signing a
Declaration of Independence to his request.
When General San Martin proclaimed the independence of Peru in 1821, Lima became
the capital of the Republic of Peru. Through the years Lima had a steady urban
growth that resulted in modernization. In 1868, the walls that surrounded it
were demolished creating the first major avenues such as Paseo de la Republica,
Leguia, now called Arequipa, Brazil and the Salaverry also the Venezuela and
During 1950, the Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Education, Ministry of
Health, the Ministry of Labor and the Hospital Insurance and Employee Workers
and the National Stadium were built and several large housing units.
The inhabitants of the interior began to immigrate to the capital which caused
an urban expansion. The new towns were settled on land near the center of which
were used as agricultural area.
Is warm with high humidity, it's sunny, humid and hot in summer (December to
April), cloudy and mild winters (June to September). The summers have
temperatures ranging between 29 and 21 ° C. The winters with temperatures
ranging between 19 and 12 ° C
To the north: Ancash Region
To the east: Pasco and Junin Region
To the south: Ica Region
To the west: With the Pacific Ocean and the Constitutional Province of Callao.
How to get to Lima?
Interconnected by the Panamerican Highway with several cities of the coast of Peru, Ecuador and Chile. To the east, Central Road communicates with different
cities of the highlands and the central jungle.
Regular flights to the principal cities around the world from the
Jorge Chavez International, located in the Callao region, 30 minutes about the
city of Lima. More information. More
Main Touristic Attractions
• Main Square of Lima
• Lima Cathedral
• Churches and Convents
• District of Miraflores
• District of Barranco
Tour in Lima
Lima has a high tourism level; the most important attractions are its historic
center, its archaeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals
* Lima City tour and
* Culinary Tour
* Lima City Tour By
* Pachacamac Ruins
Peruvian Paso Horse Tour
Lima Tips – Useful Information
- Book your hotel or hostel in Miraflores or Barranco, because there you can
find the best ones.
- Get information about the places that you want to visit.
- Take all your documents with you.
- Drink bottled water.
- Eat meat and fish well-cooked, preferably served hot.
- Vegetables should be cooked and fruit should be peeled.
Security and Safety
- At your arrival at the airport is recommended to take taxis which are inside
it, they are more safety. Also you can ask your hotel to send you a transfer,
especially if your flight arrives at night.
- Try to walk in lighted and crowded areas.
- If you need to change money go to changes offices.
- You must be careful when you take money, cameras o video with you.
Culture and Entertainment
Lima is known by the many kinds of museums that has on it, because it is a
cultural city, you will learn about the history through them, they will show you
the variety of cultures of the ancient Peru. Some of them are located at the
centre of the city, and the others are outside of it.
More information museums of Lima >>>
Known for the flavor and diversity of the dishes made with quality products. Is
one of the most recognized worldwide. Lima's cooking is a fusion of ancient Peru
with Spanish cooking, with significant input from culinary traditions brought
from Africa. This mixing was influenced by culinary traditions and customs of
French chefs who settled in the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
More information >>>
Restaurants in Lima
Nightlife of Lima is full of life. There are many activities to do and tours
to enjoy by night. Also, of course the Bars and nightclubs are full of Peruvians
and foreigners. It usually starts quite late. The most popular discos and bars
are in Miraflores, San Isidro and Barranco. Some places are opened from Thursday
until Sunday. We have a list with the most demanding programs and the best clubs and bars in Lima where you can
have a great time with your friends and. More
The capital has the greatest variety of shopping in Peru, from boutiques to
artisan and antiques shops. In Lima, you can find traditional handicrafts from
across Peru. Miraflores is where most shoppers congregate. Also you will find
Shopping Centers where you can buy clothing, accessories, and souvenirs, among
others. We have information about the most important shops.
More information >>>