Caral is one of the oldest
civilizations of America, located to 182km from Lima in the middle of
the Valley of Supe (Barranca). The city was discovered in 1905; with the
absence of ceramic but this place stand out by this extension and
diversity of monumental buildings. The dating of the textile discovered
inside of the pyramids by radiocarbon tests is from five thousand years.
The principal economy of this
civilization was the agriculture, and its proximity to the sea permits
extract foodstuff to complement their diet.
The man in that period of time
didn't know about coins, but the way that they can obtain products was
exchange products between them, this system is named barter "trueque".
This system was probed by the scientist investigation, scientists
discovered products from the jungle and sierra which means a continued
exchange of products in spite of the rugged geography
This kind of economy wich
promoted trade which support their society, promoted the integration
interregional and development. Moreover the trade with another village
makes that this civilization to extend to another region.
Caral was managed by certain
kind of people who had astronomy and religious knowledge. The main group
which had the control of this civilization had the goal of making
astronomic observation to elaborate agriculture calendars and set the
convenient time of planting and harvesting.
The buildings of this
civilization are made by the results of the astronomic observation, and
of the honor from their Gods like The Sun, The moon and four whitecaps,
the star, etc.. (which they represented as divine beings).
They made temples to venerate
their gods and celebrate ritual dates. In fact the lords who governed
could seems that they can communicate with their gods which guarantee
the social order.
Then with a single hierarchical
social status, the population was divided in many social strata, which
promoted the laboral specialization.
The social and political
organization was characterized by:
Division of labor
The central organization of the
population, distributed in urban settlements, led by political
They organized in Ayllus
(families) worked their own land and from their production they had to
give kind of tribute for their authorities. this population lived in
small towns named "Pachaca", these place were urban centers with
self-sufficient economy and managed by authorities called "Curaca"
Most of the researchers who
studied this civilization are agree with this place is one of the most
important archaeological place of America,and according to the studies
this civilization was predominant religious, they used to made rituals
and ceremonies, burning important artefacts for them in the square.
They had a different point of view of life (cosmovision). They believed
in the armony of the space and the preservation of the environment,
because humans are a little piece of the universe.
According to the studies made in
situ shows the degree of civilization reached level of a structural
complexity which permits established a primary model of state.
Ruth Shady one of the dedicated
scientist for this primary civilization says that the valley of supe its
one of the most main settlements where begins the Peruvian civilization.
This city was reconstructed, destroyed and reconstructed by their own
population under cultural concepts. the team of scientist found two
looted tombs, remains of haircut, and recovered three groups of wind
instruments which means that this people used to practice music
associated with religion.
The attractive of caral is seven
huge pyramids with tiny pyramids around the others. Moreover the travel
to caral shows other places, a number of other contemporary sites Caral
pyramids as: Age of Pando, Lurinhuasi, Miraya, Allpacoto rough
Chupacigarro, among others.
Finally Caral it's not unique by
its monuments or by their social development, this civilization known in
the entire world because grew in a insulating state and no communication
with Europe. For this reason our timeline of the history has to been
redefined according to this discover. The way the somebody wants to
learn the history of the world is reading and investigation but, if
someone wanted to see this monument is necessary to
travel to Peru
and fall in love of this culture that can be visit it by the