The Peru Ecotourism tours are well known and frequented by tourists from around the world. Peru has 84 of the 104 ecosystems that exist in the world today. Peru is home to almost 10% of all mammals and reptiles living on the planet, more than 20% of birds, and between 40.000 and 50.000 of the vascular plants (the most highly involved), of which only half have been classified.
Insects deserve special attention, because in a single tree in the jungle of Tambopata, southeastern Peru, scientists have identified more than 5,000 different species.
SSome of Peru’s natural areas are well-known , such as Paracas, where large flocks of migratory birds, colonies of sea lions, Humboldt penguins and an impressive variety of fish share the coast with remains dating from the time of the pre-Hispanic cultures.
The Andes are home to tropical peaks highest in the world and in particular the Nevado Huascaran, a paradise that enchants every year thousands of visitors. Rainforest found in the foothills of the eastern Andes mountains cover the testimony of ancient cultures that have not yet been discovered.
Hidden in the Amazon rainforest are the territories of Manu and Pacaya-Samiria, natural paradises, which are home to parrots and hidden waterfalls.
National Park of Manu
Without doubt one of the richest biological transects of Peru starts in Cusco and travels to the northeast by land and river to the Manu area.
The tour allowed to pass through the Andes, Puna, elfin forest, cloud forest and lowland forest we will find a wealth and diversity of animals and plants.
No other destination can compare with Manu and there find that 1000 of the 9700 species of birds, 200 species of mammals and over 15000 species of plants. Tourists can watch the photogenic wolves and river otters, the macaw clay lick, dancing cock of the rock, playful monkeys and tapirs eat clay.
Tambopata National Reserve
Tambopata National Reserve is a conservation unit of 275,000 hectares created by the Government of Peru in 1990 to protect the watersheds of the rivers Tambopata and Candamo. It is adjacent to Bahuaja Sonene having 1 million hectares. Located in Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru.
While the reserve was created with a philosophy of sustainable use of resources, the park was created to protect the forests. Both units protect some of the last intact tropical forests and lowland rainforests in the Amazon. The forest area contains 1,300 species of birds, 32 species of parrots (10% of world total), 200 species of mammals, 1200 species of butterflies and 10,000 species of vascular plants.
Less than 5000 people, live in the reserve zone of influence northward. They make their living from agriculture and also slash and burn, gold mining on a small scale timber extraction and hunting and fishing. Ese’eja community living within this area of influence. In the pavement of the Interoceanic Highway, connecting Brazil.
National Park of Pacaya Samiria
Location: Region of Loreto, Requena and Loreto provinces.
Area: 2 million hectares.
Conservation unit in the lowland, for the protection of fauna and flora of the region. It is 180 km. (115 miles) from Iquitos.
It is the largest protected zone in Peru, located at the top of the Maranon and Ucayali, landscapes of exceptional beauty, palm swamps, and backswamp.
This park has the largest protected area in Peru and also the largest flooded area of tropical forests in Peru. Within this forest there is a great biological diversity. Recommended for birdwatchers.
Endangered species are protected within the reserve, including paiche (Arapaima gigas), the largest river fish of the world, the pink dolphin, manatee (Trinchechus manatus), Amazonian mammal; uakari red, mono (Cacaju calvus), “spider” monkey (Ateles panicus) and otter (Pteronoura brasiliensi).
Near the reserve, there is lodging for tourists. These lodges organize visits and tour guide.