The famous Machu Picchu Inca Trail Tours is part of an extensive Inca road system, more than 23,000 kilometers. Almost all of the principal trails were by the Incas. Inca Trail attracts many tourists from all over the world; it offers you different types of landscapes, Inca ruins, mountains, cloud forest and subtropical jungle.
There are three routes to Machu Picchu, one of them is The Classic Inca Trail, the journey begins in the town of Pisqacucho, at kilometer 82 of the railroad from Cusco – Quillabamba and takes from 3 to 4 days, the Sacred Inca Trail, which starts at km. 104 you have to walk to the complex Wiñahuayna, then continue to inti Punku and then arrive to the town of Aguas Calientes where we overnight. The next day we will go the city of Machu Picchu, it takes 2 days and the Salkantay Alternate Trek, which is the longest of the three, it takes from 5 to 7 days and it stars near the village of Mollepata.
The Inca Trail, combine Inca ruins, mountain sceneries, cloud-forest and rich subtropical jungle. Over 250 species of orchid have been counted in Machu Picchu, numerous birds such as hummingbirds, waterfowl and the Andean Condor, and the spectacled bear, an animal that is endangered.
The trek is rated moderate and any fit person should be able to cover the route. It is fairly challenging nevertheless, and altitudes of 4200m are reached, so ensuring that you are well acclimatized is important. If arriving from sea level, plan to spend at least 2 full days in Cusco, 3 days would be better, before start the trek. This should allow plenty of time for acclimatization and give you sufficient opportunity to visit the city of Cusco and nearby Inca ruins at Sacsayhuaman, Q’enko, Pucapucara and Tambomachay, as well as spending a day or two exploring the Sacred Valley of the Incas visiting the tradition market town of Pisac and the fascinating Inca fortress at Ollantaytambo.
The Peruvian government has implemented new regulations to the aim to reduce the damage to the Inca trail caused by the excess number of hikers and to protect the environment. Now there is a limit on the number of people that can visit the Inca Trail, 500 persons among tourists, guides, porters. That is why you must book Inca Trail in advance, at least 3 months before.
The maximum group size is now 16 persons and each company has to take basic equipment such as a kitchen tent, dining tent, first aid kit and oxygen, etc. More equipment means more porters per group. For groups of more than 8 trekkers an additional guide must accompany the group. All guides now have to be professionally qualified and licensed.
We give you some recommendations
* Use boots during the hike.
* Drink plenty of fluids during the Inca Trail.
* Always take an umbrella or rainwear
* Long-sleeved shirts.
* Several sets of poles
* Sweaters and a jacket.
* Insect repellent and sunscreen (the sun is always stronger in height).
* First aid kit
* Water bottle and water purification tablets.
* Lightweight backpack or briefcase.
* Gloves, scarf, wool socks and a hat or cap.
* A towel and toilet paper.