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Rainforest Facts

Peruvian Amazon

Extension: 782.880 km2,
Location: The Peruvian Amazon is a region of the Amazon rainforest that is located in Peru, northwest of South America, east of the Andes

It is divided geographically into two regions: the lowland and highland jungle

*The first one is the largest region in Peru and has heights ranging from 80 to 400 m It's warm climate (average temperature of 28 °) and high humidity, and presents extensive rainfall throughout the year. In this area where the river Amazon, which include others such as Putumayo, Ucayali, Maraņķn, Yavari, Napo, Tigre and Pastaza

*Second, the high forest is located in the eastern foothills of the Andes. Presents heights ranging from 400 to 1000 m Thus, the climate are warm in the lowlands and cooler in the highlands. It is also due to its isolation from the rest of the Amazon region and other regions, the habitat of numerous species, to enjoy specific conditions, are unique in the world.

Its main water source is the Amazon River, the largest river and extensive world which comes from the side of the rivers: Ucayali and Maraņon. It has a depth of about 10 to 30 meters, its width varies between 1.8 and 16km, its length is approximately 6 500km of which 713km are only 3 in Peru. The same, it feeds more than 1 100 tributary rivers to its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean.

The geographic location of the Peruvian Amazon has become one of the most biodiversity regions on the planet. Such is the variety of species that live there, many of them still undiscovered for that reason Peru is the second country in the world in this field, behind Colombia, and the third in the mammals are concerned.

Amphibians: 262
Birds: 806
Mammals: 293
Flowering plants: 7,372
Ferns: 700
Fish: 697
Reptiles: 180

Peruvian Forest

In the forest, the largest region of Peru (over 50% of the country). From a climatic point of view, we distinguish three well-defined regions: the jungle, the high forest and low jungle. The first is characterized by a tropical climate with an average annual temperature between 22 ° and 26 °, which makes it the wettest region of Peru, the second also has a tropical climate with an annual temperature of 31 ° and few temperature variations during the year, making it the hottest, and the third has a warm and humid, with rainfall not more than 3.000 mm

The Peruvian forest consists of 5 departments, these are:

Loreto, the capital: Iquitos
Amazonas: Chachapoyas
San Martin: Moyobamba
Ucayali: Pucallpa
Madre de Dios: Puerto Maldonado

This is known to be a major world's lungs. Its area is about 756.866 km ˛, divided into the Upper Amazon, or also known as Rain Forest, Jungle or Rainforest and Lower Shroud of Palms.

The jungle of Peru has highly fertile land subtropical in which there are different habitats involving abundant flora and fauna.

Interesting things to know about the Peruvian rainforest & the Amazon

*More than half of Peru is covered by jungle and rainforests. In particular, the Amazon Rainforest is the most famous in the world. In fact, Peru is a member of the Amazonas, or a collection of four nations which the Amazon River passes through.

* Peru's Rainforests contain thousands of indigenous plants, and animals. Some of these plants have yet to be discovered- and some are even used in modern drugs to cure diseases.

*The Amazon River Basin is the largest rainforest in the world. This rainforest is located in the northeast section of Peru.

*Peru is very protective of its natural rainforests, and in the recently created a national park to protect its rainforests and natural resources from being damaged by deforestation and pollution.

*More than 20% of Earth's oxygen is produced in this area, thus the name "Lungs of the Planet"

*With 2, 5 million square miles, the Amazon rainforest represents 54% of the total rainforests left of the planet Amazon rainforest birds account for at least one third of the world's bird species, being toucan the most popular icon

* More than half of the world's estimated ten million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical forest. Read more at Amazon rainforest animals

*70% of plants found to have anticancer properties are found only in the rainforest

* The number of edible fruits found in the rainforest is estimated in 3,000. Amazon natives consume more than 1,500, but only 200 are cultivated for use today

*An estimated 90% of Amazon rainforest plants used by Amazon natives have not been studied by modern science

*Today, the number is believed to be of around 250,000 Amazon natives, comprising 215 ethnic groups with 170 different languages

* There may also be fifty or so Amazon tribes living in the depths of the Amazon rainforest that have never had contact with the outside world

* An estimated number of 2,700 million acres of the rainforest are burned each year.

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