The Inca trail is consider one of the most famous treks in South America and it is at the top ten best treks around the world.Along the way there are several different ruins of fortifications in relatively good condition, visually dominating all the valleys.
The route begins in the town of Cori-Huayra-china (Quechua: Quri Wayrachina) at the kilometer 88 of the Cusco-Quillabamba railway, and takes three to four days of hiking arrive at Machu Picchu. On the voyage, which spans an impressive altitudinal gradient, with climates and ecosystems as varied as the high Andean plateau and cloud forests, two steps must be overcome at high altitude (the largest of them, Huarmihuañusca, of 4200 meters, also known as “Dead Woman’s Pass”) and ends with the entrance to Machu Picchu through the Inti Punku or Sun Gate.
The main reason of that this particular trek find it appealing for all the travelers is the wonderful combination of Inca ruins, magnificent mountains, exotic vegetation and extraordinary ecological variety. The classic trek lasts 4 days; but could be more or less time. This path has high passes with unforgettable landscapes to the cloud forest, and then goes through the subtropical vegetation to finally at the last day get to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The maximum height above sea level during the way is 4200m so we highly recommend spending at least 2 days in Cusco for a previous acclimatization before attempting the trek.
What do I need to bring to the Inca Trail?
First, it is obligatory to use a tour or hire a professional guide for the Inca Trail. The guided tour includes tents, mattresses or blankets, and food, all you need to bring is a backpack with clothes and personal items, as well as a sleeping bag and a flashlight. It is important to wear a plastic poncho or rain jacket for the months of November to March.
As for water, you can buy bottles of water during the first two days, but by the third day is necessary to purify water, so it is recommended to carry purification tablets or iodine to the water. Personally I recommend purified water instead of buying plastic bottles to reduce waste.
As for clothes, shoes recommended mountain, pants, t- shirts, jackets for the cold, gloves and wool hat for the night. Finally, it is recommended to bring sunscreen and insect repellent, especially in the rainy season (November to March).