The Inca Trail and Galapagos Islands are two interesting destinations which present a wonderful wildlife and natural beauty that will fascinate you.
The Classic Inca Trail is the most famous route which leads you to the Majestic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. The trek takes around 4 or 5 days, during the walking you will be able to appreciate the most amazing landscapes and also diversity of flora and fauna. Many tourists from all over the world come to Peru to make this unforgettable trek. Remember that you have to book the trek in advance, at least three months before.
The landscape changes dramatically along the walk. In the first two days the landscape is mountainous with forest type and streams. In contrast, the third day the vegetation becomes more looking like a tropical forest. Along the way you may see llamas, hummingbirds, hawks, lizards and sometimes deer. The road runs through part of the Machu Picchu National Park which is the habitat of wild animals such as the puma and the spectacled bear, but these are hardly seen.
The Inca Trail hike is the most important circuit in South America, this beautiful route is characterized by present original Inca architecture, a number of archaeological sites scattered along its course and the natural mixture of jungle and cloud forest, the environment is fresh and appealing for anyone wanting to make this program culminating with a visit to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. To do this hike in the best condition is suggested to take two days for acclimatization in Cusco around.
Wayllabamba: 3 000 meters above the sea level
Pacaymayu: 3 500 meters above the sea level
Wiñay: 2 650 meters above the sea level
Machu Picchu: 2 400 meters above the sea level
It starts with the picking up of the passengers of their hotel between 6 and 6:30 am, then travel by bus to Km 82, where the trek starts. During the walk we can see the archaeological site of Llactapata also the flora and fauna of the region. The whole journey will take about 5 hours until reach the first camp called Huayllabamba where the first camp will be located.
Warmiwañusca: Around 6:00 am, the walk is undertaken in which we can see the beautiful and peaceful landscape of the road and feeling like climate change Puna up to the top of the road being 4,200 m place called Warmiwañusca (dead woman) rest a few minutes. Then go down, after lunch continue with the walk up to the second camp called Pacaymayo. Overnight stay in this place, this journey takes from 7 to 8 hours.
Wiñayhuayna: After breakfast we continue with the walk. This day is special because we will visit the archaeological sites of Runcuracay, Sayacmarca, Phuyupatamarca. On the way we rest for lunch. Our third camp may be in Phuyupatamarca or Wiñayhuayna. Section that lasts approximately 6 to 7 hours.
Machu Picchu: The last part, first arrive at Intipuncu from there we can see the magnificent Machu Picchu arriving approximately between 7 and 8 in the morning. We will have a short break and then enter the sanctuary and take our guided tour of approximately 2 hours. The tourist has ample time to enjoy the beauty and mystery of Machu Picchu. Then they have to go down to Aguas Calientes to catch the train back to Cusco.
We recommend bringing:
Small backpack for personal items
Raincoat or poncho
Water bottle, flashlight, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses
Comfortable clothes for walking
Camcorder and / or camera
Snack: Cookies, chocolate candy, energy bars
The Galapagos are located in Ecuador, these island are very famous because it has a great number of endemic species, and also because Charles Darwin’s studies led him to establish his theory of evolution by natural selection. The flora and fauna found there is almost unique and it can not be found anywhere else in the world. So many people visit and enjoy knowing the unique animals and plants. It consists of thirteen major islands, six smaller islands, 42 islets and several rocks.
The Galapagos were declared a national park in 1959, protecting 97.5% of the archipelago’s land area. In 1986, the sea surrounding the islands was declared a marine reserve. Unesco included the Galapagos on the list of World Heritage in 1978, and in December 2001 was extended this statement to the marine reserve.
In 2007, were included in the list List World Heritage in danger, due to mass tourism and invasive species. On July 29, 2010, the Galapagos Islands were removed from the list of endangered heritage by the Heritage Committee of UNESCO.
The archipelago has several international figures that have been applied to try to ensure the conservation of Galapagos including: Natural Heritage Reserve Site, Ramsar Site, whale sanctuary, biosphere reserve, and so on. The Global Strategy for the Conservation of Nature Galapagos identified as a priority Biogeographic provinciaI for the establishment of protected areas. Nationally the figures of National Park and Marine Reserve reflect the commitment of the Ecuadorian government to preserve this important legacy for future generations of Galapagos, Ecuador, and for humanity in general.
Despite being in Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands do not have a humid and hot weather as other equatorial regions. The “rainy” season from January to May, is characterized by warm temperatures between 23 and 27 ° C and sunny days. The ocean is warmer and less moved, with better visibility underwater. This station can have periods of rain, which is usually low, but may be years with excessive rainfall, such as those caused by El Niño.