PERU TRAVEL PLANNER
Inca Trail Altitudes
Inca Trail Altitudes
The Inca Trail Altitudes begins on a zone called "Quechua":
This zone is between 2300 - 3500 m (7,500-11,500 ft) and its weather is
temperate and dry with temperatures that range from 0 -21C (32 -70F). The
rainy season is from December to March. The rest of the year is dry or even
parched from May through September. This region is widely cultivated and
essentially, there are no natural plants left.
Above Wayllabamba, there's the zone called "Suni" or "Jalca": This is the
zone between 3500 - 4000 m (11,500 - 13,000 ft). There is still some
agriculture possible at this altitude. Above that lies the "Puna" which is a
zone from 4000 - 4800 m (13,000 - 15,750 ft). Its weather is very cold with
frequent frost. It is mostly grassland with a type of grass called "Ichu"
and the area is used for grazing camelids like Llamas and Alpacas.
Going down from the "Puna" through the "Suni" is the "Yunga Fluvial": which
are inter-Andean valleys on the east of the Andes between 1000 - 2300 m
(7,500 - 3,300 ft). These valleys have a moderate, moist climate and
Cusco City: 3,360 m.a.s.l.
Machu Picchu: 2,400 m.a.s.l.
Urubamba Valley: 2,850 m.a.s.l.
Inca Trail highest point: 4,200 m.a.s.l.
Maximum altitude: 3000 M
Minimum Altitude: 2650 M
Distance traveled: 12 km
Approximate time of walk: 5 to 6 hours
HUAYLLABAMBA – PACAYMAYU
Maximum altitude: 4200 M
Minimum Altitude: 3000 M
Distance traveled: 13 km
Approximate time of walk: 6 - 7 hours
PACAYMAYU – WIÑAYWAYNA
Máximum Altitude: 3900 M
Minimum Altitude: 2700 M
Distance traveled: 16 km
Approximate hiking time: 7 to 8 hours.
WIÑAYWAYNA – MACHUPICCHU
Maximum altitude: 2700 M
Minimum Altitude: 2400 M
Distance: 6 km
Approximate walking time: 3 to 4 hours.
If you plan to do the Inca Trail we recommend you spend at least two days
prior at the city of Cusco or somewhere similar altitude to acclimatize your
body and not have problems like lack of oxygen or at the time of making the
Not everyone reacts the same way to altitude. It is generally recommended
quietly walking the first few days to acclimate gradually. The highest
altitude you reach the Inca Trail is 4,200 feet high and 2,600 lower.
Be prepared for different altitudes. You will find strong winds and very
cold temperatures and rain. That is why you must bring a jacket and
waterproof jacket in case of rain, also a hat, sunblock, insect repellent.
At night the temperature can drop to 0 degrees and during the day you may be