Area: 1285 215.6 km ².
Population: 29,076,000 inhabitants (2010)
Density: 23.1 inhabitants per km ².
Official language: Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
The Republic of Peru is one of the most important centers of cultural
and tourist attraction in the world. It has a wonderful landscape
presided over by the majestic Andes mountains, whose summits are born in
rivers that, moving through our mysterious Amazon jungle, leading
finally to the Pacific and Atlantic.
Peru is a large, mountainous country located on the Pacific coast of
South America. It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north,
Brazil and Bolivia to the east and Chile to the south. The boundary to
the west is the Pacific Ocean.
There are three natural zones:
Coast: The Coast region, where is located the capital Lima, is a narrow
coastal plain crossed by mostly desert and fertile valleys. Here are the
agricultural plantations of cotton, sugar and rice, as well as most of
the country's oil fields.
Highlands: The Sierra, part of the Andes, has some peaks above 6,000
meters. In this area are the country's mineral resources: silver, zinc,
lead, copper and gold, and most of its livestock. La Selva, is a
highland area is very fertile, subtropical type.
Jungle: The Amazon rainforest located in the eastern part of Peru has
immense natural resources. However, the lack of communication and
transportation infrastructure made this region were not exploited until
the seventies. In 1973 began the extraction of oil on a large scale. The
population of Peru is a mixture of Indians, mestizos, descendants of
Spanish colonists, in addition, there are Chinese communities of African
At the following links you will find more information:
* Amazon Rainforest Map
* Arequipa Peru Map
* Lake Titicaca Map
* Lima Peru Map
* Nazca Lines Map