PERU TRAVEL PLANNER
Machu Picchu Map
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Machu Picchu is in the middle of mountains and is flanked by the
deep canyon formed by the Urubamba River. It is located 2 360 meter
above the sea level. The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is located 130
kilometers northwest of Cusco,
at the crest of the hill Machu Picchu. The only way to get there is by
train or walking. There is not a road that connects the
Cusco and Machu because of the difficult geography that it has and
because the citadel is located at the top of a hill.
Machu Picchu is divided into 3 main areas: The Sacred neighborhood
includes the Intiwatana, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three
Windows. In the second sector is the area of the Priests and the
Nobility, residential zone, and the Popular area, third sector, which is
located in the southern part of the town where are the homes of ordinary
Machu Picchu is protected under the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu,
a natural and archaeological reserve covering 32,592 hectares Preserves
numerous archaeological treasures bound by the Qhapaq Nan, the famous
Inca Trail, as well as spectacular landscapes and varied habitats that
are the natural habitat of important species abundant flora and fauna.
In just 20 linear kilometers its territory reaches snowy peaks above the
6,000 meters to the warm cloud forest at 1,800 meters. Retained parts of
the two major sub basins of the region that links the Andes with the
Amazon and, with them, the peaks of Wekey Willka or Veronica (5,750 m)
and Salkantay (6,271 m).
There have been recorded ten life zones and two different ecoregions
within the sanctuary. Among these, the most ecologically important are
the high Andean grasslands, small height forests and the high jungle (or
yunga), including cloud forest and mountain brow. This huge diversity of
habitats, in turn, has led to an amazing diversity of flora and fauna.
In fact, the sanctuary has more biodiversity than the ecosystems that
surround and a large number of native species that deserve protection.
The citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the world's archaeological jewels
and the most important tourist destination of Peru. Since being
discovered by the American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911 has continued
to surprise the world.