PERU TRAVEL PLANNER
Machu Picchu Facts
Machu Picchu town
The surface area is 271,44 km2. The District of
Machu Picchu is located in
the south-eastern Peru, 110 km away by train from the city of Cusco. It is
located at the confluence of the rivers Vilcanota and Alccamayu and Aguas
Calientes. The territory covers several ecological districts, from the jungle
region to the region of Puna. The district is part of the 32,592 hectares of
Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
2 400 meters above the sea level
It is warm and humid, with sunny days and cool nights. The rainy season
starts in December and ends in March. The dry season goes from April to November.
The district population is estimated at 5 286 inhabitants, of which 4 229
inhabitants belong to the urban sector that is Machu Picchu town, and 1 057
inhabitants belong to the rural sector, that is the twelve rural communities.
Virgen del Carmen
Our Lady of the Assumption
By train: 4 hours from Cusco city
Trekking: Inca Trail
Machu Picchu was integrated into the network of Inca roads of the Empire.
Using these pathways you can, until now, access to other nearby Inca sites that
are of great interest. The north by the forks in the road of
Huayna Picchu you
can reach the called Temple of the Moon or the top of the mountain where there
are Inca constructions.
To the west is the road to Intipata and passes through the famous "removable
To the south is the best known and most important route, which is the most
popular trekking route in Peru.
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is a trip of 3 to
4 days going through what the late fifteenth century was the main access route
to Machu Picchu, which began in Llactapata Complex and passed through the
ceremonial centers of Sayacmarca Phuyupatamarca and Wiñaywayna, ending in the
"tambo" of Intipunku, the "gated" entrance to Machu Picchu domains and final
It was discovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911.
Archaeologists believe it was built during the fifteenth century AD by the
Incas, but their function remains a mystery. We also know that was populated by
a large number of inhabitants, but only by nobles, priests and "aqllas" (virgins
of the sun). There was also a population of peasants who worked the fields but
did not live inside the citadel.
The city is divided into 3 areas: 2-populated areas and the agricultural sector,
which is a vast system of terraces and irrigation canals The urban sector was
divided into two districts, one of them are the most important temples like the
Sun, and the royal room In another neighborhood are located the homes of the
nobles and the convent of the "virgins of the sun." Between the two
neighborhoods is a huge open as a square. The surroundings are stunning, the
citadel is built on top of a hill surrounded by the Urubamba river and a
mountain range, it seems the center of a ring of mountains.
Perhaps the biggest attraction of Machu Picchu is the level of technological
development achieved by the builders in architecture and stonework. The joints
of the stones in some environments are so narrow that even a pin could be
inserted. The most significant stone is the "Intihuatana" or solar calendar,
which allowed the Incas to know precisely the seasons and the weather throughout
the year. However, many found in Machu Picchu more than history and old
technologies, but also energy and peace that surrounds all who come and visit so
INTERESTING THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT MACHU PICCHU
In Quechua Machu Picchu means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain.”
Machu Picchu was only known locally until Hiram Bingham re-discovered it in
On July 7, 2007, Machu Picchu was chosen as one of the new seven wonders of the
Hiram Bingham took 5,000 archaeological pieces to Yale University as a result of
excavations in Machu Picchu. For a long time they were claimed by the Peruvian
government. Yale University recently confirmed the return of the pieces in 2011,
to commemorate the centenary of the rediscovery of Machu Picchu by Bingham.
It is believed that no wheel was used to transport heavy rocks for the
construction of the city.
Machu Picchu is made up of more than 150 buildings ranging from baths, temples
There are many theories about the purpose of Machu Picchu, such as real property
and a secret ceremonial center.
The structures were built with a technique called “ashlar”, stones that are cut
to fit together without mortar that not even a knife blade can fit in between
Machu Picchu was an astronomical observatory.
The sacred Intihuatana stone indicates the two equinoxes. Twice a year, the sun
sits directly over the stone creating no shadow.