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Iguazu Falls: A symbol of love.

The love can create wonders, despite the tragedy and suffering, as he tells the following old Guarani legend "Centuries ago, when men and gods could be seen face to face, Mboí guardian god of the Iguazu River, son of Tupa (creator god of all that exists) and the goddess Arasy (mother of the sky), asked the tribe Caigangues the life of one of his daughters as payment for providing water to the men. Mboí took the form of an enormous boa to catch the young woman chosen for sacrifice, which was set on the banks of the river, and thus to catch and devour it. This sacrifice took place every year.
In these annual rituals, met all the chiefs of the region (including those living in distant lands) as guests and benefit from the graces granted MboI. But fate decreed that one of these ceremonies, the young chief of the Mbyá, Taborá, fall in love madly Naipi the maiden chosen as a victim to Mboí.
Taborá shamans tried to persuade to leave Naipi alive, but to no avail. Finding no other solution, Taborá and Naipí fled the night before the ceremony in a canoe, but the couple observed Mboí and enraged, part the river in two, forming a huge cliff. Naipí is held in a rock pit their long hair and they become huge waterfalls. Tabora, who remained at the top of the abyss, is transformed by Mboí in a palm tree. Mboí, after making his punishment, hid in the bottom of the abyss to see that the two lovers ever rejoining, however, Tupa pitied the fate of both young and from time to time may be allowed to touch both through an arc of light colored "
So Mbyá explain the origin of the beautiful and spectacular Iguazu Falls, one of the guaraní tribes inhabiting the southern jungles of Paraguay and Brazil as well as in the northeastern part of Argentina (in the Biosphere Reserve Yabotí belongs to the province of Misiones). The real cause of the formation of these waterfalls is due to a flaw in the ground caused by the confluence of the Iguazú and Paraná. The union of two rivers increases the water pressure in the field of volcanic origin, which led to the bed of the Parana and Iguazu collapse ends in a mouth shaped like a horseshoe of 4 kms. long, counting a series of 275 waterfalls 80 meters high, the most spectacular the small set of waterfalls called Garganta del Diablo, which is located in Union Falls (on the border between Argentina and Brazil). Because of the enormous volume of water falling from the falls (12.750 m³ / second) is considered to Iguazú Falls as the most mighty of the world.
Iguazu Falls were discovered by spanish Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1542, while traveling from the island of Santa Catalina (now Santa Catarina) to the fort of Asuncion, Paraguay, capital of the government of Río de la Plata. Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca named the falls as "Jumping Santa Maria", but eventually won the Guarani name "Iguazu" which means "Great Waters". The region was inhabited mostly by tribal Mbyá, which together with other tribes refused to live within the doctrines that the Jesuits began to build in 1609, maintaining its independence and culture. When the Jesuits were expelled from the Spanish colonies in 1768, the falls region was virtually forgotten until the nineteenth century when in 1882, the governor of the newly created province of Corrientes (in 1881), the commander sends Rudecindo Roca sent to Francisco Roca Cruz for guidance of a german scientific expedition led by Carlos Bozzetti in order to find suitable land for settlement. The commander Cruz arrives at the confluence of the Parana and Iguazú Falls rediscovered. By 1902, the Argentine government scientific and technical studies carried out in the area of the falls led by french architect and naturalist (later nationalized argentinean) Carlos Thays, who served as support for the creation of Iguazu National Park in 1934 after Argentine state that he bought 67.620 acres to the hotel company Errecaborde Martin & Co. Five years later, in 1939, created the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, Brazil.
Iguazu Falls was divided politically between Argentina and Brazil in 1941, establishing that the right side of the falls would be for the Brazilian state (20%) and the left side belong to the Argentine government (80%). In 1984 he told the National Park Iguazú in Argentina as a Heritage of Humanity, and in 1986 did the same to the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu.
On February 22, 2011, the whole of Niagara Falls were declared by the foundation New7Wonder as one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

 

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